In Western countries, the reform of Civics and Citizenship Education is an important way to cultivate responsible citizens. The Australian Citizenship Education Program provides students with a variety of activities, and follows the principle of change, engagement and resolution of specific issues. It is committed to raising students’ awareness of engagement and has achieved outstanding results in cultivating responsible citizens. Australian Citizenship Education program is both thainee- and prantice- oriented, which sets a good example for cultivating students’ awareness and ability of engagement in China. At the same time, critical learning is a must.