As the lead agency for the UN Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (DESD, 2005 – 2014), UNESCO is responsible for monitoring and evaluating progress during the DESD. UNESCO is publishing three reports during the DESD – in 2009, 2012 and 2014. This second report focuses specifically on processes and learning in the context of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD). What kinds of learning processes have emerged in the course of the DESD? What is the role of ESD in supporting them? What changes in ESD have occurred since the early years of the Decade? The report is informed by a broad consultation process that includes input from hundreds of policy makers, scholars and practitioners engaged in ESD around the world.