Cultural diversity is one of the topics that international politics, global organisations and some developed countries have been concerned with recently as means of enrichment to its soft power. To understand cultural diversity in the contemporary world and mechanisms to reinforce it in pre-university education, this research followed a descriptive analytical approach. The research is divided into three main sections: Cultural diversity in the contemporary world, mechanisms to enhance cultural diversity in pre-university education, and important theoretical conclusions on cultural diversity and mechanisms to reinforce it in pre-university education.
The research reached several conclusions; some of which are: first, the difficulty of assuming the existence of a one sole system that represents the optimum in reinforcing cultural diversity; and second, the need to move politically, socially, and educationally to enhance cultural diversity in schools. One other important conclusion is that diversity management, teacher, and curriculum can be regarded as the three leading factors affecting the development of any educational system aiming at the enhancement of cultural diversity. On the level of language of instruction, additive bilingual education models can be considered the optimum for countries aiming at preserving the culture of its indigenous peoples. School administration, however, should shift into leadership to reinforce cultural diversity and put other mechanism into practice.