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Bookmarks: A Manual for Combating Hate Speech Online Through Human Rights Education
Place of publication | Year of publication | Collation: 
Strasbourg | 2020 | 213 p.
ISBN 978-92-871-9017-8 (eng); ISBN 978-92-871-9024-6 (fre)
Ellie Keen; Mara Georgescu
Corporate author: 
Council of Europe
Europe and North America
© Council of Europe 2020

The work of the Council of Europe for democracy is strongly based on education: education in schools, and education as a lifelong learning process of practising democracy, such as in non-formal learning activities. Human rights education and education for democratic citizenship form an integral part of what we have to secure to make democracy sustainable. Hate speech is one of the most worrying forms of racism and discrimination prevailing across Europe and amplified by the Internet and social media.

Hate speech online is the visible tip of the iceberg of intolerance and ethnocentrism. Young people are directly concerned as agents and victims of online abuse of human rights; Europe needs young people to care and look after human rights, the life insurance for democracy.

Bookmarks was originally published to support the No Hate Speech Movement youth campaign of the Council of Europe for human rights online. Bookmarks is useful for educators wanting to address hate speech online from a human rights perspective, both inside and outside the formal education system. The manual is designed for working with learners aged 13 to 18 but the activities can be adapted to other age ranges.

This edition of Bookmarks reflects the end of the coordination of the youth campaign by the Council Europe. The campaign may be officially over, but the education and awarenessraising to counter hate speech and promote human rights values remain an urgent task for young people of all ages.


Resource Type: 
Toolkits and practical guides
Civic / Citizenship / Democracy
Media and Information Literacy
Human rights / Human dignity
Peace / Culture of peace
Preventing violent extremism
Social justice / Equity
Level of education: 
Secondary education
Non-formal education


Hate speech online; Human rights; Racism; Discrimination; Cyberbullying