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Towards a New Methodology for Teaching History
Place of publication | Year of publication | Collation: 
Beirut | 2012 | p. 253-286
ISBN 978-9953-023-79-3
Corporate author: 
International College
Arab States

This paper rests on the idea that the teaching of history has goals beyond that of building a collective memory and that education, in its broader context, aims at building citizenship and preparing the learner to live, integrate within a community, interact with others and adapt to a challenging to a rapidly changing world. Many of our students say that History makes no sense to them. They complain that,  in history classes, they are not urged to think actively or to form opinions and that they are not given the chance to self-development. This paper proposes a new active methodology that renders the teaching of History more attractive to students and better received by them. It enhances the role of the “History class” as a partner in building learners’ skills and stimulating fundamental dispositions. The goal is to nurture a responsible citizen capable of critical thinking, taking initiatives, collaboration, working positively within one’s community, and is a life-long learner. Based on hands-on activities, this paper suggests a comprehensive model of instruction that transforms the History classroom into a gateway for building citizenship by equipping the learner with the necessary skills and dispositions. This methodology is based on three theories that had a great impact on the teaching – learning process in the last two decades: Brain-based learning, constructivism, and problem-based learning. Hence, these theories are briefly presented. Seen as one of many possible teaching methodologies in a History classroom, this model is presented and its impact on the teaching of History is highlighted. As we plan for a new History curriculum in Lebanon, it is crucial that we look ahead to the 21st century instead of looking back.

Resource Type: 
Case studies and research papers
Journal articles / Periodicals
Civic / Citizenship / Democracy
Cultural literacy / Intercultural / Cross-cultural / Multi-cultural
Inclusive / Diversity
Level of education: 
Primary education
Secondary education


Citizenship; Human rights; Cultural diversity; Inclusive education; History education
المواطنة؛ حقوق الإنسان؛ التنوع الثقافي؛ التربية الدامجة