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Central and Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia 2021: Inclusion and Education; All Means All (Global Education Monitoring Report)
Place of publication | Year of publication | Collation: 
Paris | 2021 | 167 p.
ISBN 978-92-3-100433-9(eng); ISBN 978-92-3-400045-1(rus)
Corporate author: 
Global Education Monitoring Report team; European Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education; Network of Education Policy Centers
Asia and the Pacific
Europe and North America
© UNESCO 2021

Prepared by the Global Education Monitoring (GEM) Report, in partnership with the European Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education and the Network of Education Policy Centers, the regional report on inclusion and education in Central and Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia offers a deep dive into the core challenges and key solutions. The region is working hard to overcome a legacy, whereby children with disabilities attended special schools, once wrongly regarded as an effective solution, segregated by type of disability, if not fully excluded from education.

The report draws on in-depth profiles of 30 education systems in the region. It also presents the additional risks to inclusion now posed by the COVID-19 pandemic. Building on the 2020 Global Education Monitoring Report, it documents barriers facing learners, particularly where multiple disadvantages intersect. Its recommendations provide a systematic framework for identifying and dismantling these barriers, according to the principle that ‘every learner matters and matters equally’.


Resource Type: 
Case studies and research papers
Civic / Citizenship / Democracy
Human rights / Human dignity
Preventing violent extremism
Social justice / Equity
Inclusive / Diversity
Sustainable development / Sustainability / Environmental
Level of education: 
Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE)
Primary education
Secondary education
Higher education
Lifelong learning
Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET)
Non-formal education


Inclusive education; Educational discrimination; Gender equality; Pandemics; GEM Report