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AI and Education: Guidance for Policy-Makers
Place of publication | Year of publication | Collation: 
Paris | 2021 | 45 p.
ISBN 978-92-3-100447-6
Fengchun Miao; Wayne Holmes; Ronghuai Huang; Hui Zhang
Corporate author: 
© UNESCO 2021

Artificial intelligence (AI) is envisioned as a new tool to accelerate the progress towards the achievement of SDG 4. Policies and strategies for using AI in education are central to maximizing AI’s benefits and mitigating its potential risks. Fostering AI-ready policy-makers is the starting point of the policy development process.
This publication offers guidance to policy-makers in understanding AI and responding to the challenges and opportunities in education presented by AI. Specifically, it introduces the essentials of AI such as its definition, techniques, technologies, capacities and limitations. It also delineates the emerging practices and benefit-risk assessment on leveraging AI to enhance education and learning, and to ensure inclusion and equity, as well as the reciprocal role of education in preparing humans to live and work with AI.

The publication summarizes three approaches to the policy responses from existing practices: independent approach, integrated approach and thematic approach. In a further step, it proposes more detailed recommendations and examples for planning AI and education policies, aligned with the recommendations made in the 2019 Beijing Consensus on AI and Education.


Resource Type: 
Toolkits and practical guides
Civic / Citizenship / Democracy
Social justice / Equity
Inclusive / Diversity
Sustainable development / Sustainability / Environmental
Transformative initiatives / Transformative pedagogies
Level of education: 


Sustainable development goals 4; SDG 4; Artificial Intelligence; AI; Digital learning