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COVID-19 Learning Losses: Rebuilding Quality Learning for All in the Middle East and North Africa
Place of publication | Year of publication | Collation: 
Paris; Amman; Washington, D.C. | 2021 | 87 p.
ISBN 978-92-3-100494-0
Hana Yoshimoto; Jeannette Vogelaar; Brenda Haiplik
Corporate author: 
Arab States
 © UNESCO, UNICEF and the World Bank 2021

An entire generation of children in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) is estimated to be affected by the education crisis determined by the COVID-19 pandemic, with potential impacts that are going beyond the immediate/short term and also well beyond the education domain itself, with consequences on children’s socialisation, mental well-being, and future perspective of being active members of their society, including in the labor market. More information on the impact of the crisis would help countries to put in place strategies to mitigate the impacts. Timely investment and action to prevent extreme impacts of this crisis on education are of paramount importance in MENA, which already tackling a learning crisis before the COVID-19 outbreak.

This publication delineates the overall education status in MENA after the breakout of COVID-19 pandemic, by presenting the education responses in MENA, and assessing the potential learning loss through a simulation analysis, recommendations are provided on how to build back better and enhance access and quality learning for all.


Resource Type: 
Case studies and research papers
Social justice / Equity
Inclusive / Diversity
Sustainable development / Sustainability / Environmental
Level of education: 
Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE)
Primary education
Secondary education
Higher education


SDG 4; Quality education; COVID-19; Pandemics; School closure