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Global Education Monitoring Report 2020: Inclusion and Education; All Means All
Place of publication | Year of publication | Collation: 
Paris | 2020 | 424 p.
ISBN 978-92-3-100388-2 (eng); ISBN 978-92-3-200221-1 (fre); ISBN 978-92-3-300143-5 (spa); ISBN 978-92-3-600100-5 (ara)
Corporate author: 
Global Education Monitoring (GEM) Report Team; UNESCO
© UNESCO 2020

The 2020 Global Education Monitoring Report looks at social, economic and cultural mechanisms that discriminate against disadvantaged children, youth and adults, keeping them out of education or marginalized in it. Spurred by their commitment to fulfil the right to inclusive education, countries are expanding their vision of inclusion in education to put diversity at the core of their systems. Yet implementation of well-meaning laws and policies often falters. Released at the start of the decade of action to 2030, and in the middle of the Covid-19 crisis, which has exacerbated underlying inequalities, the Report argues that resistance to addressing every learner’s needs is a real threat to achieving global education targets.


Inclusion and education: All means all identifies the practices in governance and finance; curricula, textbooks and assessments; teacher education; school infrastructure; and relations with students, parents and communities that can unlock the process to inclusion. It provides policy recommendations to make learner diversity a strength to be celebrated, a force for social cohesion.


Two new websites complement the fourth edition of the Global Education Monitoring Report. PEER describes how countries approach inclusion, serving as a resource for policy dialogue. SCOPE offers an opportunity to interact with the data and explore selected SDG 4 indicators.


Resource Type: 
Case studies and research papers
Programme reports and evaluations
Media and Information Literacy
International understanding / Globalisation / International education / Interdependency
Social justice / Equity
Inclusive / Diversity
Sustainable development / Sustainability / Environmental
Level of education: 
Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE)
Primary education
Secondary education
Higher education
Lifelong learning
Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET)


Inclusive education; Diversity; Equality; Equity; Discrimination; Quality education; Sustainable Development Goals; SDG4