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No Education, No Protection: What School Closures Under COVID-19 Mean for Children and Young People in Crisis-Affected Contexts
Place of publication | Year of publication | Collation: 
New York | 2021 | 69 p.
Corporate author: 
Inter-agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE); Alliance for Child Protection in Humanitarian (The Alliance)
Arab States
Asia and the Pacific
Latin America and the Caribbean
© INEE and The Alliance 2021

Drawing from research and experience on previous infectious disease outbreaks and an emergent body of work from the current COVID-19 pandemic, this report highlights the primarily negative effects resulting from the combination of sudden school closures and restricted access to and availability of services, social networks, and other protective facilities for children and young people living in crisis-affected contexts. The consequences of school closures on education and child protection can be categorized into three principal areas:
1. Loss of learning and impediments to providing inclusive, equitable, quality education
2. Negative impact on child well-being and healthy development
3. Amplified child protection risks and harms experienced by children and young people


Resource Type: 
Case studies and research papers
Civic / Citizenship / Democracy
Human rights / Human dignity
Social justice / Equity
Inclusive / Diversity
Sustainable development / Sustainability / Environmental
Level of education: 
Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE)
Primary education
Secondary education


Quality education; Equality; Gender-based violence; Child protection; COVID-19; Pandemic